Boat wood furniture and Pontianne

August 25, 2019

Recently, there is a kind of boat wood furniture on the market, which attracts many people's attention with its rough and simple style. The so-called ship wood furniture does not mean that the wood is called "boat wood." So it is called "boat wood" because the wood itself is removed from the ship. They are the hulls of some shipwrecks, some of which have been sleeping at the bottom of the water for decades or even centuries, and then they are dismantled and dismantled. The materials of these hulls are known as boat wood. These ships are all high quality hardwoods, many of which are "Kundian Wood". The author in the Guangxi Beihai, a company mainly producing ship wood furniture, saw thousands of tons of ship wood, all of which are Pontianak wood.

There are many big nails on the old ship's wood. It is not an easy task to remove the nails from the ship's wood.

Pontiania is a heavy (hard) slope-leaf wood of the genus Hopa spp., which is called Giam, distributed in the Malay Peninsula, Kalimantan, and the Philippines in Southeast Asia. India and other places. Mostly small to medium arbor, rare large trees. About 24 kinds.

The height of the (heavy) sloped (Hopea nutens) tree is 18 to 30 m high, up to 37 m; the tree diameter is about 130 cm, distributed in the Malay Peninsula and Kalimantan Island. The heartwood color is difficult to distinguish: the heartwood is yellow, green when fresh, and the color is yellowish brown or dark reddish brown for a long time; the sapwood is yellow, about 1cm thick, and the fresh surface is exposed to the atmosphere for a long time, the color of the material is not significantly changed. deep. The growth wheel is not obvious. The tube hole is visible under the naked eye, slightly less, large (consistent); the invading body is rich in the catheter. The wood is shiny and has no special smell or taste. The texture is deeply staggered; the structure is uniform. Dry down to medium; wood is dimensionally stable. The weight of the wood is very heavy and very hard; the air dry density is 0.87~1.22g/cm3. Very strong. The wood is very resistant to corrosion. The wood naturally dries slowly. Sawing, drilling, and turning are difficult.

The wood has high strength and durability, and the heartwood can be treated without anti-corrosion treatment. It is suitable for shipbuilding materials, especially suitable for making marine wooden boats (such as keel), large yachts, bridges, poles, sleepers, carriages, truck frames, etc. You can also make beer, wine barrels, butter mixing buckets, etc.

Pontianak, the capital of West Kalimantan, Kalimantan, Indonesia, is located just below the equator and is the confluence of the Kapuas and Landak rivers. In 1770, the Arab pirates established the city with businessman Abdul Rahman. Later, with the discovery of a gold mine a few kilometers north of it, Pontianak developed rapidly and it became a concentrated area of ​​overseas Chinese. It is said that in the past, Guangdong imported more wood from Pontian, so people called it Pontianak.

Due to its fine structure, diandian wood is hard and heavy, strong and resistant to corrosion, strong in anti-cracking, and not afraid of moisture, it will not corrode in the wet place, and the more solid it is in the water, it is the excellent keel inside and outside the vessel. In the Qing Dynasty, the Guangzhou shipbuilding industry used Pontianak wood. At that time, the shipbuilding industry in Guangzhou was located in the south bank of the Pearl River in Guangzhou. The workshops for making furniture from Pontianak wood were also concentrated here. The workshops for making rosewood and pear furniture were concentrated near the jade belt (protected moat) between Guangzhou inner city and outer city. Therefore, the Guangdong furniture industry has a distinction between Hualien and Pontianak. The workshops and groups of the two are distinct.

In the Pearl River Delta area, people often use Pontianak wood to make a dragon boat for racing. After the competition, people will bury it deep under the river sand. Because of the north wind and the sun, the Pontianak wood will be re-opened in the Dragon Boat Festival in the coming year. The local area also uses Pontianak wood for construction materials, such as the large-scale ancestral building group of Lianxi Village, Huangge Town, Nansha District, Guangzhou, which is the third of the four famous names in Guangzhou. The sacred pillars are particularly tall and strong, with diameters ranging from 30 to 60 cm. These woods are Pontianak wood. They are said to have been shipped from Myanmar in the past. They have not been eaten by termites for centuries and have not been preserved until now.

The color of Pontianak wood is yellowish brown to tan, the structure is fine and well-balanced, and the texture is inclined. It is a famous high-strength structural material. Its advantage is that the wood is hard, the gloss after painting is good, and the price is cheaper than the rosewood. In the wide-ranging furniture, rich and middle-aged people use sour wood, rosewood and other materials; the middle and lower families use Pontianak wood. Generally, furniture such as chairs, stools, beds, and couches can be made using Pontianak wood. In the wide-ranging furniture, Pontianak wood has an important position due to its ancient color and heavy shape.

In recent years, some companies have made hardwood furniture with classical styles from Pontianak wood. Because of their unique temperament, they are also favored by some consumers. There are a small number of Pontianx imports in China's Guangdong and Guangxi and Hainan coastal areas. This enterprise in Beihai, Guangxi, tried to make antique furniture with boat wood, which is quite interesting. In the current tight and expensive high-hardwood materials, Pontianak has attracted the attention of many manufacturers and consumers because of its dual advantages in price and material.

It should be noted that Malaysia has classified the woods of the genus Slope into two types: the heavy slope (air dry density 0.87~1.22g/cm3) and the light slope (air dry density 0.50~0.98g/cm3). Heavy hard grades, the latter is a medium hard grade, and the heavy slopes are generally lighter than the light slopes. There are about 31 kinds of light slopes, which are distributed in Southeast Asia. They are medium to large trees. The heartwood and sapwood are not obvious. When the heartwood is fresh, the yellow to light yellowish brown, often with olive green, the color of the material turns reddish brown or deep reddish brown. The hole is obvious and the wood is slightly resistant to corrosion. Therefore, regardless of timber import companies or consumers, this should be understood.

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